The global community has witnessed countless natural disasters, such as hurricanes, typhoons, droughts, and floods that clearly show the impact of climate change. To address this pressing concern, governments worldwide have come together to form an international agreement known as the Paris Agreement.

The Paris Agreement is a legally binding international treaty developed under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). It was adopted by 195 countries in December 2015 and entered into force in November 2016. The primary goal of this agreement is to limit global warming to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels, with a preferred target of limiting it to 1.5°C.

The Paris Agreement aims to achieve this target by encouraging countries to decrease their greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and improve the resilience of their communities to the adverse effects of climate change. The agreement is based on three main pillars: mitigation, adaptation, and finance.

Mitigation refers to the reduction of GHG emissions produced by human activities, such as burning fossil fuels, transportation, and industrial processes. The Paris Agreement recognizes that each country has different capacities and circumstances, so it has established a system for each country to set targets for reducing their GHG emissions. Countries must regularly report their progress in achieving their targets and set more ambitious targets over time.

Adaptation is the process of increasing the resilience of communities to deal with the effects of climate change that are already happening. The Paris Agreement encourages countries to develop and implement adaptation plans and share best practices to enhance resilience to climate change.

Finance is also a crucial element of the Paris Agreement. Developed countries committed to providing $100 billion annually to support developing countries to transition to low-carbon economies and adapt to the effects of climate change. This finance is intended to be provided through a variety of sources, including public and private funding.

In conclusion, the Paris Agreement is the international agreement that was formed to deal with global warming and climate change. It acknowledges the urgent need for countries to act together to limit the effects of climate change and provides a framework for mitigation, adaptation, and finance. By working together and taking decisive action, we can help secure a sustainable future for our planet and its inhabitants.